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Genotypic study of Citrobacter koseri

Here is the abstract of the article, full article is available here : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31804713


Transfusion-transmitted bacterial infection is a rare occurrence but the most feared complication in transfusion practices. Between 2012 and 2017, five cases of platelet concentrates (PCs) contaminated with the bacterial pathogen Citrobacter koseri (PC-Ck) have been reported in France, with two leading to the death of the recipients. We tested the possibilities of the emergence of a PC-specific clone of C. koseri (Ck) and of specific bacterial genes associated with PC contamination.


The phylogenetic network, based on a homemade Ck core genome scheme, inferred from the genomes of 20 worldwide Ck isolates unrelated to PC contamination taken as controls (U-Ck) and the genomes of the five PC-Ck, explored the clonal relationship between the genomes and evaluated the distribution of PC-Ck throughout the species. Along with this core genome multilocus sequence typing approach, a Ck pan genome has been used to seek genes specific to PC-Ck isolates.


Our genomic approach suggested that the population of C. koseri is nonclonal, although it also identified a cluster containing three PC-Ck and eight U-Ck. Indeed, the PC-Ck did not share any specific genes.


The elevated incidence of PCs contaminated by C. koseri in France between 2012 and 2017 was not due to the dissemination of a clone. The determinants of the recent outbreaks of PC contamination with C. koseri are still unknown.


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